HKNIC - Nuclear Power in Mainland China
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Nuclear Power in Mainland China

There were 20,306 megawatts (MW) of installed nuclear generating capacity in Mainland China at the end of 2014, consisting of the Qinshan Nuclear Power Base in Zhejiang province at 5,475 MW, the Daya Bay Nuclear Power Base in Guangdong province at 6,120 MW and the Tianwan Nuclear Power Station in Jiangsu province, the Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Station in Liaoning province and the Ningde Nuclear Power Station in Fujian province at 2,120 MW, 2,237 MW and 2,178 MW respectively.

China is developing a number of nuclear power stations to meet the 'Medium and Long Term Nuclear Power Development Plan' issued by National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) in July 2007, so as to have 40,000 MW of installed nuclear generating capacity by 2020, supplying about 4% of annual electricity consumption.

Nuclear Power in Mainland China

The Qinshan Nuclear Power Base is located at Haiyan in Zhejiang province, about 120 kilometres southwest of Shanghai. The site contains three operating nuclear power stations, the 310 MW Qinshan 1, 2 x 650 MW Qinshan 2 and 2 x 700 MW Qinshan 3, with the 2 x 650 MW Qinshan 2 Phase 2 under construction. The power stations are primarily owned by the China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC). Both Qinshan 1 and Qinshan 2 are indigenous pressurised water reactor (PWR) designs, while Qinshan 3 makes use of Canadian pressurised heavy water reactor (PHWR) technology. Qinshan 1, which entered commercial operation in February 1994, was the first commercial nuclear power station in Mainland China.

The Daya Bay Nuclear Power Base is located in eastern Shenzhen in Guangdong on the western shore of Daya Bay. It is about 50 kilometres from the city centre of Hong Kong and 45 kilometres from the centre of Shenzhen City. The site contains two operating PWR nuclear power stations, the 2 x 984 MW Guangdong Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station and 2 x 990 MW Ling Ao Nuclear Power Station, with a further 2 x 1,086 MW PWR Ling Ao Phase 2 Nuclear Power Station under construction. The power stations are owned by the China General Nuclear (CGN), except for Guangdong Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station which is often simply referred to as Daya Bay, in which the CLP Group in Hong Kong holds 25% of the equity. A total of 70% of the output of Daya Bay is delivered to CLP to be sold in Hong Kong.

 

Nuclear Power in Mainland China

The Tianwan Nuclear Power Station Site is located at Lianyungang in northern Jiangsu, on the shore of the Yellow Sea. The China National Nuclear Corporation is the majority shareholder of the twin 1,060 MW VVER (Russian PWR) nuclear power station.  Operating nuclear power generating units at the Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Station in Liaoning, and the Ningde and Fuqing Nuclear Power Stations at Fujian all employ the indigenous CPR 1000 PWR design.

At the end of 2014, there were 27 nuclear power generating units under construction in Mainland China. At Hongyanhe in Liaoning, Fangjiashan in Zhejiang, Ningde and Fuqing in Fujian, Yangjiang in Guangdong and Fangchenggang in Guangxi, twin unit nuclear power stations of an indigenous CPR1000 PWR design (or its improved version) are being built. State-of-the-art twin units of the AP1000 PWR design are also being built at Sanmen in Zhejiang province and Haiyang in Shandong province. Two European Pressurised Water Reactor (EPR) units are being built at Taishan in Guangdong province.  Two additional Russian PWR units are also being built at Tianwan.

Meanwhile, China is also developing nuclear power units of advanced indigenous reactor technology.  The Hualong One PWR design is being jointly developed by Chinese nuclear power enterprises and is being built in Fujian.  A commercial High Temperature Gas Cooled reactor is also being built.

A number of other nuclear power stations are planned. The sites are located largely in coastal provinces though a few sites in inland provinces have also been nominated for nuclear power development.

Nuclear Power in Mainland China
Source:
China Electricity Council
The above figures quoted are all in gross capacity
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