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Nuclear Power in Mainland China  

There were 9,078 megawatts (MW) of installed nuclear generating capacity in Mainland China at the end of 2009, comprising the Qinshan Nuclear Power Base in Zhejiang province at 3,010 MW, the Daya Bay Nuclear Power Base in Guangdong province at 3,948 MW and the Tianwan Nuclear Power Station in Jiangsu province at 2,120 MW .

According to the 'Medium and Long Term Nuclear Power Development Plan' issued by National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) in July 2007, several other sites are being developed under China's plan to have 40,000 MW of installed nuclear generating capacity by 2020, supplying about 4% of annual electricity consumption.

Nuclear Power in Mainland China
The Qinshan Nuclear Power Base is located at Haiyan in Zhejiang province, about 120 kilometres southwest of Shanghai. The site contains three operating nuclear power stations, the 310 MW Qinshan 1, 2 x 650 MW Qinshan 2 and 2 x 700 MW Qinshan 3, with the 2 x 650 MW Qinshan 2 Phase 2 under construction. The power stations are primarily owned by the China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC). Both Qinshan 1 and Qinshan 2 are indigenous pressurised water reactor (PWR) designs, while Qinshan 3 makes use of Canadian pressurised heavy water reactor (PHWR) technology. Qinshan 1, which entered commercial operation in February 1994, was the first commercial nuclear power station in Mainland China.

The Daya Bay Nuclear Power Base is located in eastern Shenzhen in Guangdong on the western shore of Daya Bay. It is about 50 kilometres from the city centre of Hong Kong and 45 kilometres from the centre of Shenzhen City. The site contains two operating PWR nuclear power stations, the 2 x 984 MW Guangdong Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station and 2 x 990 MW Ling Ao Nuclear Power Station, with a further 2 x 1,080 MW PWR Ling Ao Phase 2 Nuclear Power Station under construction. The power stations are owned by the China Guangdong Nuclear (CGN), except for Guangdong Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station which is often simply referred to as Daya Bay, in which the CLP Group in Hong Kong holds 25% of the equity. A total of 70% of the output of Daya Bay is delivered to CLP to be sold in Hong Kong.

Nuclear Power in Mainland China

The Tianwan Nuclear Power Station Site is located at Lianyungang in northern Jiangsu, on the shore of the Yellow Sea. The China National Nuclear Corporation is the majority shareholder of the twin 1,060 MW VVER (Russian PWR) nuclear power station.

As of 1 January 2010, there were about 20 nuclear power generating units under construction in Mainland China. At Hongyanhe in Liaoning province, Ningde in Fujian province and Yangjiang in Guangdong province, twin unit nuclear power stations of an indigenous CPR1000 PWR design are being built. State-of-the-art twin units of the AP1000 PWR design are also being built at Sanmen in Zhejiang province and Haiyang in Shandong province. Two European Pressurised Water Reactor (EPR) units are being built at Taishan in Guangdong province.

A number of other nuclear power stations are planned. The sites are located largely in coastal provinces though a few sites in inland provinces have also been nominated for nuclear power development.

Nuclear Power in Mainland China
Source:
China Electricity Council
The above figures quoted are all in gross capacity